External Evaluators

Final Technical Report

Work Packages

Project - Meetings

Other Meetings




Heritage sheep data base





Katsika  GreekEFABIS Data


International Name


Local Name




Breeding females



Trend of population size


Flock book established



Origin – history

The breed was formed in pre-war time after many years’ selection of the desirable characteristics in Ioannina, and specifically in the village of Katsika, from where the breed obtained the name. It is formed from crossses of the mountain sheep of Epirus and the plain sheep breed Karamaniko. The breed was used for the upgrading of the mountain sheep, mainly in the semi - mountain regions of Ioannina and Thesprotia. By the years the number of flocks decreased significantly, due to the distribution of improved breeds. Today the raised population is about 1500 heads and is supported under the conservation measures for endangered breeds.


 Breed description

The breed is of medium size, with live weight ranging from 65 to 72 kg for the males, and from 47 to 55 for the females. The colour is total white, with black rings around the eyes.  The head is of medium size. Often appear some dark spots in the nose, in the ears and the legs. The rams have spiral horns, while the ewes are hornless or polled. Wither height ranges from 68 to 72 cm for the rams and from 58 to 62 for the ewes. The legs are short and strong. The udder is of medium size, good attachment and milkability. The lambing season ranges from the middle of October to the end of November. The age of first calving is after the 15th month old. The prolificacy rate is around 1.3 to 1.35. The lambs are weaned at the age of 6 weeks at a weight of 12 to 13 kg. The average milk production is about 120 to 150 kg with fat percentage content around 7 to 8%. The percentage of carcass weights around 60 to 65 % of the animal and has a very good quality.


Conservation activities

The breed is under the conservation measures for the endangered breeds. The programme is applied by the Farmers Association under the supervision of the Genetic Improvement Centre of Ioannina of the Ministry of Rural Development and Food. The number of breeding ewes in the milk recording schemes is 1880. Flock Book was established in 1999.


Contact:Dr. Christina Ligda, NAGREF, Agricultural Research Centre of Northern Greece, Dept. Genetic Resources, e-mail: chligda@nagref.gr, chligda@otenet.gr 


Action Heritage Sheep AGRI GEN RES 040 receives financial support from the European Commission, Genetic Resources in Agriculture, under European Commission Council Regulation (EC) No 870/2004 AGRI GEN RES 2006 HERITAGE SHEEP